What is knowledge and the most effective way to learn knowledge
What is knowledge, there is still no consensus on this concept. The following sharing will provide you with a lot of interesting and useful information on this topic.
1. What is the concept of knowledge?
1.1. Concept of knowledge
Knowledge or knowledge (knowledge translated into English is knowledge) includes information, facts, descriptions and skills obtained through one’s own experience and learning. Therefore, the knowledge that can indicate the understanding of the object through theory or practice can be more or less formal or systematic. At the same time, knowledge can be intangible things, such as abilities and skills.
In fact, people have given many concepts about knowledge, but knowledge does not have a unified definition that everyone accepts. The concept of knowledge accepted by the ancient Plato saints is widely accepted, not that knowledge is a kind of legitimate and legitimate belief. Knowledge is true belief that makes sense.
In short, knowledge is human’s understanding of the objective world and its self. It is formed through complex human perception processes involving perception, connection, communication and reasoning.
1.2. Knowledge type
Knowledge includes two main types: knowledge and tacit knowledge. inside:
*Knowledge refers to the knowledge that appears in documents, movies, texts, sounds… in written form or language (with or without words). This knowledge is systematically explained and coded, easy to transfer, and is usually common in education and training systems.
*Hidden knowledge is the knowledge obtained from everyone’s practical experience, which is difficult to code and transfer. What cannot be transferred or coded in the document is each person’s personal and different internal knowledge, such as experience, value, know-how, beliefs and skills. We just need to practice by ourselves.
1.3. Forms of sharing human knowledge
However, in human society, mutual sharing of knowledge is essential. One person learns from another, and this generation is passed on to the previous generation. From there, knowledge will be shared in the following form:
*Display-display: It is a collection of existing knowledge, and another form of knowledge can be created through data backup, data transmission or synthesis.
*Hidden form-display: people with experience, their own skills and other hidden knowledge learn the way to encode their knowledge in the form of text, sound, image, etc… It is the process of transforming from the knowledge hidden in their minds to files and files Acquire knowledge in form.
*Form display-hide: a form that transforms the knowledge encoded in the document into the knowledge hidden in everyone’s mind. That is the process of perceiving human knowledge through books and pictures. The typical form is the process of reading and learning through books and documents. For example, students read books for the purpose of remembering, attending classes, and preparing knowledge for themselves. This is hidden knowledge.
2. Learn more about today’s knowledge concepts
There are still many aspects to discuss about the concept of knowledge and how to obtain correct knowledge. Let us consider the following points.
2.1. Knowledge based on reliable beliefs
When you can encounter a lot of information through TV, radio, books, social networks and various channels on the Internet, we are used to calling today’s modern society an information society. Nowadays, the speed of information is also transmitted at an astonishing speed. However, the disadvantage of the information society is that there is too much information about a problem. This is the fact that we do not distinguish between right and wrong information.
Therefore, having a lot of information does not necessarily mean that a certain amount of knowledge will help everyone avoid obtaining indiscriminate information. This is wrong. It is wrong to know how to quantify real knowledge with only things is spam. Because knowledge must be the truth that the owner believes. If the recipient of the information does not believe it, then even if the information is true it is not knowledge. On the contrary, if the belief in wrong knowledge is still wrong knowledge.
Therefore, knowledge must have true beliefs and knowledge. Knowledgeable people who discover the truth in the right way should have a reason to prove and believe it. Without real knowledge, it will be difficult for them to prove this, which shakes their faith.
How to test the authenticity of knowledge by not accepting luck (anti-luck intuition) and how to obtain knowledge through ability intuition. Through the ability to find true knowledge without any chance, it is more reliable, correct and rational than purely emotional judgment.
In short, we verify knowledge by building on the correct belief and know how to use specific information to prove that belief.
2.2. Knowledge is based on the belief of righteousness
However, in the case of Gettier Edmund, he published a short article (over two pages) in 1963, arguing that knowledge is not enough to support correct beliefs. This article cites a series of examples, which later became known as “Gettier-style cases”, that is, true beliefs based on the correct foundation are still lucky.
The example of a farmer in Gettier saw a man dressed as his neighbor’s farmer in a nearby field. He thought it was the neighbor. The neighbor is hidden, he can’t see, the fact that the man is dressed like a neighbor in the field is just a straw model. Therefore, although the person has the correct belief for the correct reason that the dummy looks like a neighbor in appearance and body shape, knowledge is only formed in the form of opportunity.
Therefore, in order to make the concept of knowledge more complete, we must add that the proven belief must be based on the correct foundation. Therefore, when another farmer makes a wrong judgment, he will not have correct beliefs, and therefore cannot be applied equally to all situations. Therefore, until today, to understand the nature of knowledge through our understanding, the correct way to obtain it is still a challenge.
2.3. Knowledge is based on human thinking
We reconsider the situation of our truly correct knowledge, and everyone admits and thinks this is a fact. But the skeptic’s point of view is different. They think that people think they know a lot, but they actually don’t know anything about the world or themselves. Skeptics began with Descarters (1596-1650), who said: “I think I exist-cogito ergo sum. This means that there is no thing beyond the scope of one’s own thinking. There are many criticisms from people who are skeptical of this famous quote.
From the perspective of skepticism, although we cannot deny the existence of real life, human beings cannot distinguish. We think we are interacting with people in crowded society through brain thinking. Therefore, according to the humanistic skeptics, they don’t know much, even nothing, and nothing. Reading here may also make you skeptical, right? Perhaps this is just the difference in the high level of understanding of thinkers in their own viewpoints. Maybe they overestimated the standard of reality.
As for ourselves, we should only consult and be satisfied with the knowledge we have accumulated in the learning process, that is, about the reality of life that is perceived, perceived and thought.
3. Knowledgeable secrets
As mentioned above, what knowledge involves many different aspects, including skills learned from books, how to manage finances, how to solve problems in life… All these are the knowledge of everyone that you must learn and practice for a long time. And a lifetime. Here are some ways to learn the essential knowledge in life.
3.1. Know how to collect knowledge for yourself
*To learn knowledge for yourself, you need to be open to learning, understand interpersonal relationships, and accept conflicting views to look at problems from many different perspectives. Don’t ignore some knowledge just because it doesn’t match your current vision. Therefore, in order to continuously expand your knowledge, stay open, learn how to make mistakes and correct mistakes, will help you experience better learning.
*At the same time, human knowledge and life have a very broad understanding of people. Therefore, you need to know what kind of knowledge you are looking for to focus on learning and ignore other things. As Lenin (V. Lenin) said, the knowledge here is not only about studying at the university, but also for lifelong learning. To focus on knowledge in a specific field, you need to have a comprehensive and in-depth understanding of the information or skills you want to learn. You should read and conduct a lot of experiments, and talk to experts in the field to gain experience and knowledge, which is not in the book.
*You can learn more knowledge that you don’t fully like to discover, play your potential, get more learning opportunities, and have more life choices.
Finally, it is important not to be afraid that failure will help you learn your own knowledge. Failure is an inevitable thing in life, especially in the learning process will help you grow. Please pay attention to your mistakes and find a way to correct them. Learning the course for yourself will be your valuable knowledge.
3.2. Understanding knowledge through actual personal experience
You not only need to learn theory, but also need to learn with the earth. The spirit of work always provides you with valuable experience and knowledge as a course in your life. Actual experience may be:
*Learn how to repair objects in the house, learn how to car, computer, sew… and even make wood carvings, blankets and the like… These skills can help you manage your life, and even find a job that suits you seems small Personal interests. First of all, you may not be familiar with it, so please consult someone who is proficient in this software and consult on the Internet. But before asking others, you need to do it yourself. Or, if possible, take short courses to better accomplish these tasks.
*Try to learn technical skills. Today’s technology brings many benefits to people that you can’t ignore. You should learn how to use technical devices such as smartphones and computers, because they can help you gain more knowledge from the Internet. In addition, you need to understand how to selectively search for yourself online, which is also important for you to learn to search effectively and obtain reliable information for yourself.
*Learn the necessary knowledge and skills of adults, such as how to manage money, learn financial terms, how to make a budget, what is… This knowledge can help you make more informed financial decisions for your own life. You can also learn about taxes and which taxes are responsible for paying.
*Don’t ignore folk knowledge and family remedies. The elderly, the elderly can be a good source of knowledge about this, such as how to predict the weather based on folklore, and how to cure the folk flu without using drugs. Although this information is not always completely accurate, sometimes the weather forecast is wrong.
3.3. Read books to accumulate knowledge
Books have always been good human friends that you cannot ignore. In order to have the opportunity to study books, please don’t miss:
*Study at a university to provide you with a degree and professional knowledge in a certain field. After graduating from school, you will get a job with the skills and knowledge you have learned. You should choose a school, major, and learning method that suits your studies, conditions and circumstances. It can be a full-time university, college or on-the-job study, it can be combined…
* Various forms of books from books, magazines, online reading or reading bookshelves through the library can help you acquire more information and knowledge, thereby expanding the diversity of your thinking, brain and knowledge. Don’t forget to remember what is new and interesting about yourself.
3.4. Keep learning, lifelong learning
As mentioned above, learning knowledge is not only in school, but also at any time and any place, it is lifelong learning. Therefore, you should:
*If you can talk to experts in your field of interest to help you interact with outstanding talents in that field. You can ask questions or learn from them through their own experience and lessons. It may be nothing more than your car mechanic, a homeworker for the job they want to repair, or ask your classroom teacher questions and send emails to professors in your field.
*Never stop pursuing, learn the knowledge that interests me. You should pay attention to the world around you and learn to find opportunities for yourself. Learning is a lifelong process, so you need to have an open mind, learn from the failures of yourself or others, and learn from experience. Focus on learning in professional fields to continuously develop yourself.